About Caleb Trotter

Caleb Trotter is a CPIL Attorney at Pacific Legal Foundation.

Missouri court was wrong to allow state to license hair braiders as cosmetologists

Ndioba Niang and Tameka Stigers are professional African-style hair braiders in Missouri. When the Missouri Board of Cosmetology and Barber Examiners told them that they had to stop practicing their trade unless they underwent hundreds of hours of irrelevant training (and … Continue reading

Can non-native wolves receive protections reserved for native species in Oregon?

Later this year the Oregon Court of Appeals will consider whether it was lawful for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission to remove the gray wolf from the state’s endangered species list in … Continue reading

Oklahoma officials agree to stay enforcement of unconstitutional American Indian art law

There’s some great news out of Oklahoma to announce. Oklahoma officials have agreed to (and the Court has signed off on) a stipulation to stay enforcement of Oklahoma’s American Indian Arts and Crafts Sales Act while PLF’s challenge to the law … Continue reading

Music therapist licensing comes to Oklahoma

Earlier this week I praised Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin for forming a task force to review the need for the state to continue licensing so many occupations. Imagine my surprise, then, when I discovered that a brand new occupational license … Continue reading

Oklahoma to consider occupational licensing reforms

Earlier this month, Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin announced the formation of a task force to review the state’s occupational licensing requirements. Throughout 2017 the task force will comprehensively review all of Oklahoma’s occupational licenses with an eye toward determining whether the … Continue reading

Can the government decline to register disparaging trademarks?

Simon Tam is the frontman of the popular Portland, Oregon, band called The Slants. A few years ago Mr. Tam sought to register The Slants as a trademark with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. While the term has … Continue reading

Bill to license music therapists in New Jersey refuses to die

Almost a year ago I wrote about a bill pending in the New Jersey legislature that would’ve created an occupational license for music therapists in the state. Fortunately, that bill didn’t make it through the legislature, and the legislative session … Continue reading

PLF challenges Oklahoma law that stifles American Indian artist’s speech and right to earn a living

Peggy Fontenot is an award-winning American Indian photographer and artist, specializing in hand-made beaded jewelry and cultural items. For more than 30 years, Ms. Fontenot has traveled the country to show and sell her American Indian art. Because of Oklahoma’s … Continue reading

Sacramento city councilman reminded that the Constitution protects freedom of association

There was a small dust-up in the Sacramento press this week. It seems that Sacramento City Councilman Jay Schenirer has grown weary of a watchdog organization (Eye on Sacramento) that routinely challenges proposed ordinances and policies, and generally serves as … Continue reading

California commission recommends major occupational licensing reform

Earlier this month California’s Little Hoover Commission released its report (Jobs for Californians: Strategies to Ease Occupational Licensing Barriers) on occupational licensing in the state. Noting that licensing is often sold as a means to protect consumers while actually serving other … Continue reading